Special studies based on the principle of reversibility have preceded all interventions. The authentic character of the citadel of Tiryns is also well preserved. Moreover, restoration works carried out in were based on the original construction methods, thereby preserving all the architectural elements of the Mycenaean period. The boundaries of the archaeological site of Mycenae and its buffer zone were established by Ministerial Decree No of Protection extends to the Citadel Acropolis , the areas outside the walls and the wider surrounding area, including the natural environment of the site.
The property is under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Culture, Education and Religious Affairs, through the Ephorate of Antiquities of Argolis, its competent regional service. In , a scientific Committee for Mycenae was established, which carried out several projects of stabilization, conservation and enhancement of the site.
The interpretation of the property is complemented by an archaeological museum, founded in Its collection comprises a great number of artefacts of Prehistoric and Historic times, giving special emphasis to the presentation of the Mycenaean period. On both sites, systematic archaeological excavations are being carried out, while restoration works are conducted and others are scheduled.
In Tiryns, the restoration project is jointly funded by the Greek state and the European Union.
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Restoration works in Mycenae, such as the restoration of the Tomb of the Lion, would further enhance the Outstanding Universal Value of the property, while the improvement of the network of ancient roads connecting Mycenae to other archaeological sites of the area Heraion and Prosymna would enhance our understanding of the broader area in antiquity.
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By Properties. Cultural Criteria: i ii iii iv v vi Natural Criteria: vii viii ix x. Category All Cultural Natural Mixed. All With videos With photo gallery. Country Region Year Name of the property. Without With. Archaeological Sites of Mycenae and Tiryns The archaeological sites of Mycenae and Tiryns are the imposing ruins of the two greatest cities of the Mycenaean civilization, which dominated the eastern Mediterranean world from the 15th to the 12th century B.
Archeologische steden Mycene en Tiryns De Myceense beschaving heeft zich ontwikkeld op het Griekse vasteland in de late bronstijd 16e eeuw voor Christus. Outstanding Universal Value Brief synthesis The Archaeological Sites of Mycenae and Tiryns, located in the Regional unit of Argolis in the North-East Peloponnese, are the imposing ruins of the two greatest cities of the Mycenaean civilization, renowned for its technical and artistic achievements but also its spiritual wealth, which spread around the Mediterranean world between and BC and played a vital role in the development of classical Greek culture.
Integrity Both sites contain within their boundaries all the key attributes that convey their Outstanding Universal Value , bequeathing the spirit of the Mycenaean civilization from antiquity to the world of today. Authenticity The authenticity of both sites is unquestionable. Links Mycenae Tiryns. WebGL must be enable, see documentation. Petra will draw you in, but at the same time, it is always threatening to disappear. The sandstone is fragile.
I arrived in Petra just as the summer sun cranked up from roast to broil; the sky was a bowl of blue and the midday air was piping hot. The paths inside the Petra Archaeological Park were clogged. Horse-drawn buggies clattered by at a bone-joggling speed. Packs of visitors inched along, brandishing maps and sunscreen.
In a spot of shade, guides dressed as Nabateans kneeled to conduct their midday prayers. At its peak, 2, years ago, Petra was home to as many as 30, people, full of temples, theaters, gardens, tombs, villas, Roman baths, and the camel caravans and marketplace bustle befitting the center of an ancient crossroads between east and west.
After the Roman Empire annexed the city in the early second century A. Then trade routes shifted, and by the middle of the seventh century what remained of Petra was largely deserted.
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No one lived in it anymore except for a small tribe of Bedouins, who took up residence in some of the caves and, in more recent centuries, whiled away their spare time shooting bullets into the buildings in hopes of cracking open the vaults of gold rumored to be inside. In its period of abandonment, the city could easily have been lost forever to all but the tribes who lived nearby.
Two hundred years later, I mounted a donkey named Shakira and rode the dusty paths of the city to ogle some of those sites myself. This happened to be the middle of the week in the middle of Ramadan. My guide, Ahmed, explained to me that he had gotten permission to take his blood pressure medication despite the Ramadan fast, and he gobbled a handful of pills as our donkeys scrambled up rock-hewn steps.
They would still be living there, he said, except that in , Petra was listed as a Unesco World Heritage site, a designation that discourages ongoing habitation. Nearly all the Bedouin families living in Petra were resettled—sometimes against their wishes—in housing built outside the boundaries of the new Petra Archaeological Park. His house has electricity and running water and Wi-Fi.
He fumbled for his phone, which was chirping. Petra sprawls and snakes through the mountains, with most of its significant features collected in a flat valley. Royal tombs line one side of the valley; religious sites line the other.
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Another, the once free-standing Great Temple—which probably served as a financial and civic center in addition to a religious one—includes a seat auditorium and a complex system of subterranean aqueducts. On a small rise overlooking the Great Temple sits a Byzantine church with beautiful intact mosaic floors decorated with prancing, pastel animals including birds, lions, fish and bears. The grander buildings—that is, the grander caves—are as high and spacious as ballrooms, and the hills are pocked with smaller caves as well, their ceilings blackened by the soot left from decades of Bedouin campfires.
Some of the caves are truly imposing, like the Urn Tomb, with its classical facade carved into the cliff on top of a base of stone-built arches, and an eroding statue of a man perhaps the king wearing a toga. Others are easy to miss, such as the cave known as the Triclinium, which has no facade at all but possesses the only intricately carved interior at Petra, with stone benches and walls lined with fluted half-columns. Standing inside the valley it is easy to see why Petra thrived. The mountains contain it, looming like sentries in every direction, but the valley itself is wide and bright.
This article is a selection from the October issue of Smithsonian magazine. So much of Petra feels like a sly surprise that I became convinced the Nabateans must have had a sense of humor to have built the city the way they did. They were gifted people in many ways.
They had a knack for business, and cornered the market in frankincense and myrrh. They had real estate savvy, establishing their city at the meeting point of several routes on which caravans shipped spices, ivory, precious metals, silk and other goods from China, India and the Persian Gulf to the ports of the Mediterranean.
Petra: Rock-cut façades
They had a talent for melding the dust and dirt around them into a hard, russet clay from which they made perfume bottles and tiles and bowls. They were expert artisans.
The most convincing evidence of this begins with the Siq, the main entrance to the city, a natural ravine that splits the towering rocks for almost a mile. The statues adorning the colonnaded niches suggest it may have been a temple, but most scholars think it was a tomb housing the remains of an important early king.
A favorite candidate is the first century B. Inside the cave there are just three bare chambers, today empty of whatever remains once rested there. Perhaps the Nabateans placed this grand building here because the Siq served as a buffer to marauders, much like a wall or a moat. Petra was a nexus of commerce and cultural exchange When the Nabateans established their capital at Petra they ensured that it was well connected to booming trade routes: the Silk Road to the north, Mediterranean ports to the west, Egypt and southern Arabia to the south.
As Ahmed and I rode along, I could just make out in the distance the team from Virtual Wonders, who had spent the day flying a drone over the Great Temple, shooting high-resolution images of it from above. The company was formed in by three friends with complementary talents. Mark Bauman, a longtime journalist and former executive at Smithsonian Enterprises and National Geographic, knew the people in charge of historical locations like Petra and how to work with local authorities.
Kenny Broad, an environmental anthropologist at the University of Miami, is a world-class cave diver and explorer for whom scrambling around a place like Petra was a piece of cake; he would serve as chief exploration officer. The three of them shared a passion for nature and archaeology and a concern with how to preserve important sites. While outfits such as the Getty Research Institute and the nonprofit CyArk have been capturing 3-D images of historical sites for some time, Virtual Wonders proposed a new approach.
They would create infinitesimally detailed 3-D models.