Philip Andrews is unique in that he is an author who possesses all these qualities. He has an ongoing professional photographic practice, lectures at universities and colleges, holds a position as an Adobe Ambassador in Australia and has authored over articles and 30 books worldwide. With these credentials you would imagine that his texts are informative but a little stuffy and academic — not true!
The book is dotted with great illustrations and pictures and, via the video tutorial and resources download section of the associated website and accompanying CD—ROM, readers have the opportunity to follow the step-by-step techniques using many of these same images that are featured in the text. Good luck and have fun with your image making.
Yes it is over…till next time at least! Thanks also to the enthusiastic and very supportive staff at Focal Press whose belief in quality book production has given life to my humble ideas — yet again! And thanks once more to Adobe for bringing image enhancement and editing to us all through their innovative and industry-leading products, and the other hardware and software manufacturers whose help is an essential part of writing any book of this nature.
Keep e-mailing me to let me know how your imaging is going. Increasing levels of technology coupled with comparatively affordable equipment have meant that sophisticated imaging jobs that were once the closely guarded domain of industry professionals are now being handled daily by home and business users. This book introduces you to the techniques of the professionals and, more importantly, shows you how to use these skills to produce high quality images for yourself and your business.
To help reinforce your understanding, you can practise with many of the same images that I have used in the step-by-step demonstrations by downloading them from the accompanying CD-ROM. A good selection of video tutorials can also be found on the disk, giving me the chance to guide you through your skills building tasks.
There is also a website for the book containing more information and important links to other Elements sites www. See Figure 1.
Figure 1. The beginning — the digital photograph Computers are amazing machines. Their strength is in being able to perform millions of mathematical calculations per second. To apply this ability to working with images, we must start with a description of pictures that the computer can understand. This means that the images must be in a digital form.
To make a version of the image that the computer can use, these tones need to be converted to a digital form. In this way, a grid of colors and tones is created which, when viewed from a distance, will appear like the original image or scene. Each individual grid section is called a picture element, or pixel. See Figures 1. Each sensor measures the brightness and color of the light that hits it. When the values from all sensors are collected and collated, a digital picture results. Digital SLR camera Figure 1. Digital sensor Scanners work in a similar way, except that these devices use rows of CCD sensors that move slowly over the original, sampling the picture as they go.
The number of pixels in a picture is represented in two ways — the dimensions, i. The current standard is known as bit color or 8 bits per Red, Green and Blue channel. A picture with this depth is made up of a selection of a possible In the early years of digital imaging, colors 8 bits of color per channel were considered the standard. Though good for the time, the color quality of this type of image is generally unacceptable nowadays.
In fact, new camera and scanner models are now capable of 12 bits per channel bit color altogether or even 16 bits per channel bit color altogether. This larger bit depth helps to ensure greater color and tonal accuracy. Images with large pixel dimensions are capable of producing big prints and are generally better quality.
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This gives a total of three times the bits per channel. It is at this point that the color, quality and detail of your image will be determined. If your camera pictures are too dark, or light, adjust the exposure manually to compensate. It is easier to capture the information accurately at this point in the process than try to recreate it later.
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Manipulation is where the true power of the digital process becomes evident. It is here that you can enhance and change your images in ways that are far easier than ever before. Altering the color, contrast or brightness of an image is as simple as a couple of button clicks.
Changing the size or shape of a picture can be achieved in a few seconds and complex manipulations like combining two or more images together can be completed in minutes rather than the hours, or even days, needed with traditional techniques. Manipulation gives digital illustrators the power to take a base image and alter it many times so that it can be used in a variety of situations and settings. Once changed, it is possible to output this same image in many ways. It can be printed, used as an illustration in a business report, become part of a website, be sent to friends on the other side of the world as an e-mail attachment, or projected onto a large screen as a segment in a professional presentation.
Photoshop Elements is a program that can be used for enhancing, manipulating, printing, presenting and organizing your digital photographs. Put simply, this means that it is the pivot point for the whole digital imaging process.
Adobe Photoshop Elements 5.0
Many of the functions found in this industry-leading package are also present in Elements but, unlike Photoshop, Adobe has made Elements easier to learn and, more importantly, easier to use than its professional cousin. In this way, Adobe has thankfully taken into account that although a lot of users need to produce professional images as part of their daily jobs, not all of these users are, or want to be, imaging professionals.
Version 6, just like the releases before it, is a state-of-the-art imageediting program full of the features and functions that digital photographers and desktop image makers desire the most. Completely revised to cover all versions of the program, this book will help you learn about the core technology and functions that are shared by Photoshop and Elements, and will also introduce you to the great range of features that are unique to Elements.
Now in its tenth version, this product, more than any other, has forged the direction for image-editing and enhancement software worldwide. In fact, the tools, functions and interface that are now standard to graphics packages everywhere owe a lot to earlier versions of Photoshop. With the release of Elements, Adobe recognized that not all digital imaging consumers are the same. Adobe has taken the time to listen to its customers, and has designed and included in Elements a host of extra tools and features that are not available in Photoshop.
The revision contains a variety of new tools and features that I predict will fast become regularly used favorites. At the time of going to press this release is a Windowsonly version and builds extensively on the extra organization and management features that were added in 3. Some of the new or upgraded features can also be found in Photoshop CS3, others are only available in Elements.
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Table 2. Unlike some of the previous versions of the program, version 6 is a Windows-only release and so this text contains no Macintosh equivalents.
Apart from the inclusion of a host of new and revamped features like the Quick Selection tool, a host of auto adjustment options now available in the Organizer workspace, and the dedicated Photo Book and Photo Collage production options, the program continues to improve the picture management features that have made Elements a favorite with digital shooters.
In version 6 this work continues and is coupled with brand new ways of editing, enhancing and Book resources can be found on the CD-ROM and at www. See Figure 2. The Artwork panel continues to house the very popular graphics, shapes, frames options and even more matched graphical elements grouped into project themes are now available. From this screen you can choose to organize, edit, create or share your pictures. You can also choose to start Elements in the Editor or Organizer workspaces rather than at the Welcome screen. You can view the photographs via the Photo Browser window or using the Date View.
In Date View images are grouped and displayed based on the date they were taken. You can even create your own tags.
You can also form subsets of picture based around an Album heading. Figure 2. EDIT 17 5. Switching between the edit modes is as simple as clicking the tab in the top right of the workspace. You can also add text, play with layers, create multi-picture composites and combine all manner of special effects with your original photo. All the controls are contained in the one screen for speed or application. Building on the success of the Photo Creation projects in version 5. Via these features Elements provides users with a multitude of ways to use your favorite images to produce items such as Photo Books, online galleries and slide shows.
Rather than being a completely separate workspace, as was the case in the previous versions, users can make a variety of creations directly inside the Editor workspaces. Though some areas, like producing your own web galleries, fall neatly into both camps, there are other options such as sending images by e-mail or ordering prints online that are only available in the new Share task pane.
As well as being able to output to a desktop printer, you can print online, place an order for your Photo Book to be published, or even create wall calendars or Photostamps. Most graphics packages work with a system that includes a series of menus, tools, palettes and dialog boxes. These devices give the user access to the features of the program.
The images themselves are contained in windows that can be sized and zoomed. In this regard Elements is no different. Version 6 of the program sees a new look and feel to the workspace with a darker gray surround to most windows and a special Task pane that sits on the right of both Organizer and Editor workspaces. Photoshop Elements 6 now contains three different editing workspaces — Full, Quick, and Guided. Later on in the chapter we will also examine the interface of other parts of the Elements system such as the Organizer, Quick, Guided editor and Create, Share options.
At the time of publication Photoshop Elements 6 is supplied as a Windows-only package, whereas previous editions of the program have been released in two forms to suit both the Macintosh and Windows platforms. The change continues One of the most striking and immediately obvious changes to Elements 6 is the look of the interface.
Now the overall look is more modern, complete with dark gray surrounds and colorful 3-D icons. Clicking a Task button automatically sets up the workspace and lists the options and tools for the activity. Features like the Project Bin and Task pane neatly retract to the side or bottom of the screen when they are not in use and most creation and share project steps are now housed within the workspace rather than in a series of separate wizard windows.
So for most of us who are migrating from 5.
Adobe Photoshop Elements 7: A Visual Introduction to Digital Photography - Philip Andrews
THE CD- M RO As well as reinforcing the existing cosmetic changes initiated in previous versions, Adobe has also chosen to include a range of new tools and features in release 6. This is a great new way to learn how to use Photoshop Elements. THE CD- M RO Brush in that you paint over the areas to include in the selection; where it differs though, is that the tool analyses the picture parts that you want to include, and then builds the selection for you.